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China’s History Textbooks Told to Modify Date War Began Against Japan

By Chen Shaoyuan and Li Rongde
Visitors at a Beijing museum in December look at an exhibit about the 1937 Lugou Bridge Incident, also known as the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, when Japan launched an all-out invasion of China. The Chinese government is revising textbooks to state that 1931, not 1937, was when the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression began. Photo: Visual China
Visitors at a Beijing museum in December look at an exhibit about the 1937 Lugou Bridge Incident, also known as the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, when Japan launched an all-out invasion of China. The Chinese government is revising textbooks to state that 1931, not 1937, was when the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression began. Photo: Visual China

(Beijing) — China’s Education Ministry has ordered publishers to revise all history textbooks used at schools and universities to restate the date that the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression began.

The ruling will establish the war as 14 years long, starting on Sept. 18, 1931. The conflict, known in the West as the Second Sino-Japanese War, had been recognized as being eight years long, starting on July 7, 1937. The war officially ended with the surrender of Japanese troops to Chinese forces on Sept. 9, 1945.

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