Dec 07, 2019 09:10 AM

Photo Essay: Chinese Farming in Mozambique

An aerial view of Mozambique’s capital city, Maputo. Photo: Huang Shulun/Caixin
An aerial view of Mozambique’s capital city, Maputo. Photo: Huang Shulun/Caixin

Resource-rich Mozambique is luring investors from all over the world — including China.

In 2018, China and Mozambique had a bilateral trade volume of $2.5 billion, up by 36% from the previous year.

Aquaculture and agriculture account for nearly a quarter of the nation’s GDP, supporting 80% of its population. The country has 36 million hectares (89 million acres) of arable land, according to official statistics. Both its fishers and farmers have been an increasing target of Chinese capital.

“Mozambique’s whole agriculture system is split up into pieces, there is no connection from planting to sales” said a Chinese agricultural expert.

The rice farms managed by Chinese company Wanbao, the largest Chinese-run rice company on the continent, have attempted to overcome logistical problems by transporting everything needed for the whole industrial chain from China, from seeds and tractors to processing machines.


Many Mozambican farmers sell their produce by the roadside. Photo: Huang Shulun/Caixin


Wanbao Mozambique rice farms planted nearly 60,000 acres of rice in the 2018-2019 growing season and harvested 170,000 tons. Photo: Huang Shulun/Caixin


Santos (right) has been working at an agricultural demonstration center sponsored by the Chinese government for nearly 10 years. His wages of 600 yuan ($85) per month are enough to support his whole family. Photo: Huang Shulun/Caixin


As of the end of 2018, China had built 20 agricultural demonstration centers in 19 African countries. Photo: Huang Shulun/Caixin


A Mozambican worker taught how to drive a John Deere tractor by Chinese technicians. Photo: Huang Shulun/Caixin

Contact translator Yutong Lu (

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