Oct 28, 2021 03:20 PM

China Targets Vegetable Hoarders After Cost of Spinach Surges

Vegetables laid out for sale at an open-air market in Guangzhou, on May 24. Photo: Bloomberg
Vegetables laid out for sale at an open-air market in Guangzhou, on May 24. Photo: Bloomberg

(Bloomberg) — Vegetable prices have soared in China in recent weeks, costing more than meat in some cases, and creating another headache for consumers already hit by power shortages and strict virus curbs.

Wholesale vegetable prices surged 28% in the four weeks through Oct. 22, and are now at the highest level since February, the latest data from the Ministry of Commerce shows. Heavy rainfall in major growing regions this year damaged crops and soaring coal prices also made greenhouse farming more expensive.

Cauliflower and broccoli costs about 50% more, while spinach surged 157% in the four-week period. At Beijing’s Xinfadi market, a half-kilogram bag of lettuce or water spinach cost as much as 8 yuan ($1.25) on Wednesday. The same quantity of pork cost about 8 yuan to 10.5 yuan, and chicken was 7 yuan to 10 yuan.

The rally is so strong that China’s agriculture ministry last week pledged to crack down on vegetable hoarding, to ensure stable supplies. Many consumers also complained on social media, saying they were shocked by the prices and couldn’t afford to eat vegetables anymore.

Economists expect the boost to inflation to be temporary though, with prices likely to remain high for a few months until demand eases during the Lunar New Year in February. GF Securities Co. Ltd. estimated a 0.5 percentage-point boost to consumer prices in October from the previous month, while JPMorgan Chase & Co. expects the same increase in the year-on-year rate.

“We expect CPI to move up towards 2% in the next few months, mainly due to base effects but also modest sequential pickup in inflation momentum,” said Zhu Haibin, chief China economist at JPMorgan in Hong Kong.

Falling pork prices from last year and weak household demand have kept consumer inflation subdued this year despite skyrocketing factory-gate prices. Consumer-price growth slowed to 0.7% in October, with JPMorgan predicting 0.9% for the full year, well below the government’s official target of 3%. Economists surveyed by Bloomberg project a 1.1% rise in 2021 and 2.2% in 2022.

The Securities Times, a newspaper managed by the official People’s Daily, said the vegetable price surge will have a limited impact on consumer inflation. The weighting of vegetables in CPI is low, it said in a report citing retailers and analysts from China Minsheng Banking Corp.

Egg futures

Higher vegetable prices could become a broader inflation problem if the gains stoke bullish sentiment in agricultural markets and consumers switch to eating more eggs and pork. The Chinese government keeps a particularly close eye on pork prices as the meat is a staple and a crucial determinant of consumer inflation.

There already appears to be a spillover onto the prices of proteins, with China’s egg futures hitting the highest level since July and live hog prices climbing more than 25% this month.

The La Nina weather pattern expected this winter, which means below-normal temperatures in the northern hemisphere, is driving expectations that production and transportation of vegetables will be negatively impacted, GF Securities analyst He Xiaoshu said in a report.

Consumer demand is also picking up, as a recent rebound in the services industry shows, while stores and restaurants are stockpiling ahead of winter.

Economists don’t expect the central bank to react to the higher inflation, given it’s likely to be temporary.

Zhu said the People’s Bank of China will likely keep banks’ reserve requirement ratio and policy interest rates unchanged for the rest of the year, and instead use open market operations and its medium-term lending facilities to keep market liquidity ample. It could also continue to use targeted instruments to support sectors like green projects and small businesses, he said.

Contact editor Michael Bellart (

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