Former PBOC Chief Wins Global Central Banking Award
Zhou Xiaochuan, China’s longest-serving central bank governor, received the lifetime achievement award given by London-based publication Central Banking, for his contributions “in reshaping the Chinese economy.”
The 71-year-old Zhou, who served as the head of the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) between 2002 and 2018, is the sixth winner globally of the award for central bankers. Previous winners include the American Paul Volcker, France’s Jacques de Larosière and Malaysia’s Zeti Akhtar Aziz.
“The former People’s Bank of China governor stands out for his high levels of integrity, intellectual rigor and bold reforms that have served the public interest in China and elsewhere,” Central Banking said in a long article about Zhou’s career. “His leadership is reflected in the significantly upgraded institutional capacity and credibility of the PBOC, which Zhou helped turn into an apex macroeconomic problem-solver for China.”
The journal lauded Zhou’s pivotal role in pushing forward China’s exchange rate and interest rate liberalization, financial services and capital market reform, and capital account convertibility and yuan internationalization.
“During his tenure, he has successfully steered monetary policy while structural transformation was in full swing, contributing importantly to China’s sustained growth to become the second-largest economy in the world,” Christine Lagarde, managing director of the International Monetary Fund, told the journal.
Zhou started his career in officialdom in 1986 when he was assigned to the institutional reform research group of the State Council to work on economic restructuring. He entered the financial industry with a stint at the Bank of China and became head of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) before moving to the PBOC as a deputy governor and concurrently head of SAFE from 1996 to 1998. As head of SAFE, Zhou won fame for his role in managing China’s monetary policy during the Asia Financial Crisis without devaluating the yuan.
He subsequently took posts heading China Construction Bank and later the China Securities Regulatory Commission before returning to the central bank as governor in December 2002.
Domestically, Zhou has gained a reputation as a staunch reformer who helped push through fundamental changes that transformed China from a centrally planned to a market-based economy which is now eight times bigger than it was when he took the helm at the PBOC in 2002.
“If the market can solve the problem, then let the market do it. Regulatory agencies can only act as referees, not athletes or coaches,” Zhou famously said in 2000 when he was appointed head of China’s securities regulator.
Zhou has also made efforts to internationalize the yuan. In 2002, the yuan could not be used outside of China, and its value had been pegged at around 8.3 per dollar for 10 years before the central bank embarked on a long march to overhaul the system. In July 2005, the PBOC announced it was de-pegging the yuan from the dollar and shifting to a managed floating exchange-rate system with reference to a basket of currencies.
Also, Zhou was instrumental in pushing for implementing measures to allow the yuan to be more freely converted into other currencies both on the current account, to pay for goods and services in international trade, and on the capital account, which involves the purchase and sale of assets and liabilities such as stocks and bonds.
Zhou retired in March 2018 after 15 years as PBOC governor. Since then he has taken several public posts including adviser to China Investment Corp. His remarks on China’s monetary policy and financial system have been closely watched by the market for clues about policy direction.
Contact reporter Han Wei (firstname.lastname@example.org)
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