Mar 09, 2019 03:55 AM

China Makes Property Tax a Legislative Priority

Model of a property development in the city of Chengdu, Sichuan province. Photo: VCG
Model of a property development in the city of Chengdu, Sichuan province. Photo: VCG

Murmurs of a property tax in China have been bubbling for more than a decade. This time the wolf may finally be coming for the nation’s 15 trillion yuan ($2.2 trillion) real estate market.

A senior official said Friday at China’s annual session of National People’s Congress (NPC) that delegates will “focus energy” on drafting more than a dozen major pieces of legislation this year, including a property tax law.

Stock prices of major Chinese property developers slumped as much as 10% after Li Zhanshu, chairman of the NPC’s Standing Committee, made the pledge in a work report delivered to the session.

Although there have been some local property-tax pilot programs, China doesn’t have a national property tax, which could generate billions of yuan in revenue. Currently, China levies taxes during construction and transfer of properties.

Talk of instituting a property tax has been circulating since the start of the decade. But worries that such a tax would hurt the property market and disagreements on how a tax should be calculated and collected have left the issue contentious.

Li said the NPC will ensure that all the legislative plans are completed on schedule, without giving a detailed timetable.

Multiple experts told Caixin that property tax legislation would be complicated and time-consuming. They said they expected it wouldn’t be completed this year.

At present, a property tax proposal is only included in the NPC’s legislative agenda. Under the legislature’s process, relevant departments of the NPC will start drafting legislation. After repeated revisions, solicitation of comments and reviews involving multiple departments, a draft would be delivered to the NPC’s Standing Committee. Then it would need to go through three rounds of deliberation before a final vote.

The government’s work report first brought up a property tax at China’s annual parliament session in 2014. Then the issue didn’t appear in the government’s annual report until 2018 when Premier Li Keqiang called for prudently advancing property-tax legislation. In this year’s government report, the wording was changed into “steadily pushing forward property-tax legislation.”

The government has made some preparations for introducing a property tax. In February, the State Administration of Taxation issued a policy to improve the registration and sharing of information regarding property transactions, which was seen as a preparation for a new tax on property ownership.

China launched pilot property tax programs in Shanghai and Chongqing in 2011 by taxing only higher-priced homes and people with multiple homes. Since 2011, for owner-occupied properties in Shanghai, the real estate tax rate is from 0.4% to 0.6% of 70% of the original value of a property.

In Chongqing, the real estate tax rate is from 0.5% to 1.2%. For leased properties in Shanghai, real estate tax is levied at 12% of rent for both foreign and local companies. For leased properties without rental income, real estate tax is levied at 1.2% of the annual value.

When Li delivered the report around 3 p.m. Friday local time, China’s A-share markets had closed for the day, but the Hong Kong market was still in last hour of trading.

Hong Kong-listed shares of China’s top four property developers plunged after the news. Sunac China Holdings, the country’s fourth-largest developer by sales in 2018, fell 10.89%. Among the top three, Country Garden Holdings fell 5.18%, China Vanke Co. dropped 4.85% and China Evergrande Group, 3.97%. The Hang Seng Mainland Properties Index declined 5.17%.

Contact editor Yang Ge (

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