Apr 28, 2020 07:43 PM

China Sees Next Coronavirus Threat Along Its Southern Borders

Yunnan and Guangxi alone account for more than 80% of China’s border crossings.
Yunnan and Guangxi alone account for more than 80% of China’s border crossings.

China’s fight against the coronavirus pandemic faces “an extremely great challenge” from infected people entering the country through its southern and southwestern borders, a National Health Commission (NHC) official said Monday.

Wang Bin, an inspector at the commission’s disease prevention and control office, said (link in Chinese) at a State Council press conference that sparsely populated southern border areas with less-prepared health systems are at heightened risk of “imported” Covid-19 cases.

China, which recorded the first cases of Covid-19 last year, has brought its outbreak under control. But health officials remain worried that an influx of people from abroad could spark a second wave of infections. China logged 107 imported coronavirus cases between April 21 and 27, equivalent to 88.4% of the country’s total confirmed new cases, Wang said at the conference.

Recent flare-ups in northeastern China and the northwestern city of Xi’an, largely due to the return of infected Chinese citizens from neighboring Russia, have in some cases prompted local authorities to reinstate partial lockdowns even as the rest of the country has relaxed social distancing measures.

Similar scenarios could also play out in the country’s south, Wang said. China’s Tibet autonomous region, Yunnan province and Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region border six nations in total: India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam.

Yunnan and Guangxi alone account for more than 80% of China’s border crossings, Wang said.

Although China’s southern neighbors have officially recorded fewer cases than Russia, their true figures are thought to be far higher than reported.

Wang said their health systems lack the ability to effectively test and isolate suspected Covid-19 cases: “Generally speaking, their capacity to respond to a significant epidemic is quite weak.”

At the same press conference, Liu Haitao, a senior official at China’s National Immigration Administration, said the complex geography and dense networks of roads, paths and ferries were stymying efforts to maintain border security, especially in boundary-spanning towns where frequent trips across the border are part of daily life.

The Chinese government dispatched a 16-person expert task force last week to guide and assist disease control work along the borders of Tibet, Yunnan, and Guangxi, Wang said.

The Chinese mainland confirmed six new cases of Covid-19 Monday, three of which were imported infections, according to the NHC (link in Chinese).

Contact reporter Matthew Walsh (

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