Mar 29, 2019 04:00 AM

More State Enterprises Set for Mixed-Ownership Reforms

Xiao Yaqing. Photo: VCG
Xiao Yaqing. Photo: VCG

China has shortlisted a new batch of state-owned enterprises to take part in the government’s reform push to expand private investment in state sectors, the country’s top state asset administrator said.

Regulators will soon name a new group of state companies to launch the so-called “mixed-ownership reform,” said Xiao Yaqing, director of the State-owned Asset Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC), Wednesday during the Boao Forum for Asia annual conference in southern China’s Hainan province.

China has advanced mixed-ownership reform since 2013, aiming to bring private-sector investment and management into state-backed companies to shake up stodgy sectors. Three groups of 50 state companies have since been selected to test the reforms, and dozens of them, including China Unicom and China Railway Corp., have unveiled plans to invite private investors.

The latest list of reform candidates will involve more than 100 state-owned enterprises (SOEs), Xiao said earlier this month at the national legislative meeting.

Companies with state backing still constitute a significant share of the world’s second-largest economy. Data from the finance ministry showed that revenue generated by companies owned or controlled by the state totaled 58.75 trillion yuan ($8.7 trillion) in 2018, contributing 65% of China’s gross domestic product.

But many state companies have struggled with low efficiency, weak governance and inadequate innovation capabilities, analysts said.

While the large SOEs that SASAC oversees generated record profits amounting to a combined 1.2 trillion yuan ($177.7 billion) last year, they receive heavy government subsidies and are less efficient than private-sector peers, which have less financial support when business turns sour. The SOEs’ returns on capital tend to be half those expected of private enterprises.

Xiao said SASAC has actively encouraged state companies to engage in reforms and supports all types of investors — private and foreign — to participate in the mixed-ownership reform.

The mixed-ownership project will lead to breakthroughs for China’s long-stalled SOE reforms and should be further expanded, Xiao said, adding that such reforms should bring mutual benefits and long-term growth to both state and private players.

Despite Beijing’s pressure, doubts over the mixed-ownership reform linger as private investors have remained skeptical over how much say they could get in the state companies where they invest and whether the state enterprises are willing to compete fairly in the market.

“The biggest concern of private companies is the degree of control and influence they will have over their state-sector partners’ decision-making,” said Wang Huisheng, chairman of the State Development & Investment Corp. at the same forum.

Yan Bin, chairman of Thai-Chinese conglomerate Reignwood Group, said the mixed-ownership reform will make meaningful progress only when the state companies fully accept private players as equal partners.

Contact reporter Han Wei (

You've accessed an article available only to subscribers
Share this article
Open WeChat and scan the QR code