Chinese Air Travel Plunges on Virus Resurgence
Passenger volume of major Chinese airlines plunged in December as a winter resurgence of the Covid-19 pandemic decimated travel and slammed the brakes on a recovery for a business that was hit especially hard by the virus.
All of China’s largest listed airlines reported declines in passengers in December after months of gradual revival as the country brought the pandemic largely under control. However, recent flare-ups in several provinces derailed the recovery and dampened hopes of a passenger surge for the Lunar New Year Holiday next month, analysts said.
China Southern Airlines, the country’s largest carrier by passenger volume, posted the highest load factor among state-owned rivals of 70.5% in December, down 3.25 percentage points from the previous month and 10.9 percentage points from the same time a year ago. Air China and China Eastern Airlines also posted declines in passenger load factors in December, at 67.6% and 68.2%.
Two privately owned budget airlines — Spring Airlines and Juneyao Air — also experienced passenger declines in December with load factors dropping to 79% and 79.7%.
China imposed strict rules to control international flights since late March to contain the risk of imported infections. The measures, which limit the number of routes airlines can fly every week, cut the number of international flights in China by as much as 90%.
According to the latest data from the nation’s air regulator, travelers in China logged 420 million air trips last year, representing 63.3% of levels from 2019 before the global pandemic. That compares with 710 million trips forecast by the regulator at the beginning of the year. The five listed airlines reported annual passenger drops of between 20% and 40%.
Chinese airlines were most affected in February and March at the height of the domestic outbreak, which would normally be a busy time for travel during the long Lunar New Year holiday. The sector has been gradually recovering since then.
Covid-19 has significantly reduced demand and willingness of passengers to travel, China Eastern said. The recent spike in new cases has further affected airline operations, the company said.
Since November, new flare-ups have been reported in several Chinese provinces, leading to new lockdowns on cities in Hebei and Jilin. The simmering outbreaks appeared to dampen the annual rush for tickets along major travel routes ahead of the New Year holiday, which runs for a week starting Feb. 11, as many people postponed or canceled plans to return home.
Chinese officials have urged residents to limit unnecessary cross-country travel. Some parts of the country also require inbound travelers to show a negative virus test or undergo quarantine upon entry.
Contact editor Han Wei (email@example.com) and Bob Simison (firstname.lastname@example.org).
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